|WORD||DEFINITION||WORD IN CONTEXT||VOCABULARY BUILDING|
|gap year (UK)||A gap year usually refers to a year in which pre-university students travel or work between finishing school and starting university. The term gap year is also increasingly used to refer to time spent by undergraduates away from their studies travelling or gaining work experience and by graduates taking a year out between graduating and starting their first full-time job.||Employers and university staff attach a great deal of importance to the enterprise, maturity and commitment that students demonstrate when they do a gap year at any time before, during or after their degrees.||To take or to do a gap year is used as a synonym for "to take a year out" in British English.|
Gap students are students doing a gap year.
A gap package refers to a gap year programme that is organised by a company or organisation.
|graduate||A graduate is a person who has completed a study programme. In Britain students studying towards higher degrees such as a Master’s or a PhD are called postgraduates. In the US these students are also called graduate students.||The company is looking for graduate trainees for the marketing department.||tograduate (verb) from college/university with a degree in Physics|
Students are awarded their degrees during a graduation ceremony (noun).
Your graduation date (noun) is the day on which you finish or are awarded your degree.
A high school graduate (US) (noun) is someone who has completed high school.
In the USA, people studying for a postgraduate degree attend graduate school (noun).
See also undergraduate and postgraduate .
|graduate trainee programme or scheme||A graduate trainee programme is a work programme set up by companies to train graduate recruits for managerial positions.||He's applied for a place on a graduate trainee programme in a London-based publishing house.||In the USA, "programme" is spelt "program". In the UK, the spelling "program" is used for “computer program”.|
See also traineeship .
|grant||A student grant is money provided by the government or an organisation to pay for education. Unlike a student loan, it does not have to be paid back to the lender. |
See also student loan.
|gross pay||Your gross pay is the total amount of money you earn before deductions for tax and insurance contributions (for example, health, pension and unemployment contributions). Job advertisements in the US and UK normally state the gross pay annually rather than monthly.|
See also net pay.
|Before going to an interview, find out the average gross pay for the type of job you have applied for. Then if you are asked what your salary expectations are, you can give a realistic answer.||A company's gross profit (noun) is the profit it makes before taxes and other deductions.|
To gross (verb) means to earn a gross profit.
The company grossed (verb) £50 million last year.